Anaxyrus americanus — American Toad
The genus Anaxyrus was split from Bufo by Frost et al in 2006. This split is particularly controversial among herpetologists, and many references still use the long-established Bufo.
Subspecies I've seen:
Anaxyrus americanus americanus — Eastern American Toad
I was with a group of snake-obsessed folks when we came across this fairly generic toad, so I just got a voucher shot and moved on to avoid wasting everyone's time. Only later did I realize that I hadn't seen this particular subspecies before. If I had, I probably would have tried to get a better photo.
Anaxyrus americanus charlesmithi — Dwarf American Toad
This zaftig little toad was hopping about in the leaf litter following an afternoon shower, not fifty yards from where Meriwether Lewis met his fate in 1809.
This was one of numerous frogs and toads enjoying the floodwaters covering part of Snake Road.
- Behler, J. L., King, F. W. 1979. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles & Amphibians
- Conant, R., Collins, J. T. 1998. Peterson Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America, Third Edition, expanded
- Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2017. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Eighth Edition
- Elliott, L., Gerhardt, C. and Davidson, C. 2009. The Frogs and Toads of North America