Ingerophrynus biporcatus — Indonesian Toad
Some other names for this species:
Crested Toad, Sunda Ridge-headed Toad
The genus Ingerophrynus was split from Bufo by Frost et al in 2006. Most references still use the long-established Bufo. There's still controversy in the ranks of amphibian taxonomists about this split, but since the SSAR names book follows the split for North America, I'm also following it for the rest of the world.
I'm not really confident of the identity of this toad, and I hope all the Indonesian toad experts out there will chime in. It seems not to be Duttaphrynus melanostictus based on coloration, head ridge differences, and paratoid gland shape. The only other toad I've been able to find any reference for on Bali is Ingerophrynus biporcatus. But I haven't seen a description or photo of I. biporcatus so I'm gambling here. Help me out if you can.
This toad from Lombok is quite a different color from the Bali one above, but to me the ridges on the head look similar. Also, the big Nusa Tenggara book lists only Ingerophrynus biporcatus and Duttaphrynus melanostictus in Lombok, and this really looks different from the numerous D. melanostictus specimens I saw. If you know better, please send me mail.
- Manthey, U., Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens
- Monk, K. A., de Fretes, Y., Reksodiharjo-Lilley, G. 1997. The Ecology of Nusa Tenggara and Maluku
The Ecology of Indonesia Series, volume V