The genus Anaxyrus was split from Bufo by Frost et al in 2006. This split is particularly controversial among herpetologists, and many references still use the long-established Bufo.
Ocala National Forest, Volusia County, Florida—September 20, 2001
I joined Dr. Peter May
's ornithology field trip this morning. While the students were identifying various Floridian birds, I was poking around looking for more terrestrial critters. This pair of toads were settled in the sand under a discarded piece of drywall.
Southern Toads are extremely variable in color. These two seemed pretty different to me (light tan and deep red-brown), but Peter said these were practically identical twins out of the range of possible colors that this species assumes, from gray to brown to red to charcoal.
Stephen C. Foster State Park, Charlton County, Georgia—May 2, 2004
This half-grown toad was hanging out in the leaf litter near the camp bathroom, waiting for the paparazzi to spread his image to an admiring world.
Loop Road, Big Cypress National Preserve, Collier County, Florida—December 26, 2004
Here's a much darker individual that was hiding out under an old piece of tin. Old pieces of tin are a great place to find amphibians and reptiles.
Main Park Road, Everglades National Park, Miami-Dade County, Florida—March 19, 2013
This toad has found the very best spot on the road, and has no intention whatsoever of abandoning it.
Sesquicentennial State Park, Richland County, South Carolina—April 8, 2013
This lonely male was trilling away in broad daylight. He seemed a little small and young to be involved in the wooing of the lady toads, but maybe I'm just an old fogey.
- Ashton, R. E. Jr., Ashton, P. S. 1988. Handbook of Reptiles and Amphibians of Florida, Part Three: The Amphibians
- Bartlett, R. D., Bartlett, P. B. 1999. A Field Guide to Florida Reptiles and Amphibians
- Behler, J. L., King, F. W. 1979. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles & Amphibians
- Carmichael, P., Williams, W. 1991. Florida's Fabulous Reptiles & Amphibians
- Conant, R., Collins, J. T. 1998. Peterson Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America, Third Edition, expanded
- Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2017. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Eighth Edition
- Elliott, L., Gerhardt, C. and Davidson, C. 2009. The Frogs and Toads of North America
- Jensen, J. B., Camp, C. D., Gibbons, W., and Elliott, M. J. 2008. Amphibians and Reptiles of Georgia