Some other names for this species:
Subspecies I've seen:
Pituophis catenifer affinis
Sonoran Gopher Snake
Pima County, Arizona
This juvenile gopher snake was slowly moving across a road just after dusk. I moved it off to the side of the road, where its camouflage against the desert floor became apparent.
near Benson, Cochise County, Arizona
This large and beautiful gopher snake was stretched out across a dirt road upon which I had recently seen my first wild Gila Monster under the tutelage of my friend Roger Repp. I was on a Gila Monster high and would have been happy if I hadn't seen another herp all day. But I climbed back down to Earth in order to admire this fine snake. It wasn't in a big hurry to get away, but it did make up its mind to meander elsewhere when I got close with my camera. Its front end pulled a slow U-turn and slithered past its stationary back end, until both ends were facing the same way and it vanished leisurely into the desert.
Pima County, Arizona
This is just the kind of thing you want to see when you're driving down a dirt road, looking for snakes. In this case, the snake-shaped object in the road was a Sonoran Gopher Snake.
Cochise County, Arizona
Another morning in southeast Arizona, another gopher snake in the road. This one was resting all kinked up, which some people think is an adaptation to look less snake-shaped to predators.
Santa Cruz County, Arizona
I first saw this gophersnake stretched out across a road in almost the exact same place where I had seen a Sonoran Lyresnake
earlier that evening, and momentarily mistook it for the same snake.
Pituophis catenifer annectens
San Diego Gopher Snake
near Campo, San Diego County, California
I was out prowling the dirt roads of extreme southern San Diego county looking for leopard lizards
, when I spied this fine-looking gopher snake basking in the early morning sun.
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, San Diego County, California
Matt Cage and I futzed with this mild-mannered but extremely uncooperative young gartersnake for quite awhile before giving up and moving on.
North of Mike's Sky Rancho, Baja California, Mexico
This large and attractive gophersnake was stretched out in the dirt road when we spotted it. We tried to get photos while it was still in that position, but it got nervous and thought it best to head out into the desert. We on the other hand thought it best that the snake arrange itself into a pleasant non-linear shape and allow us to take pictures as long as we wanted. We had to reach a compromise.
Pituophis catenifer catenifer
Pacific Gopher Snake
Pine Ridge Trail, Ventana Wilderness, Monterey County, California
This young gopher snake was caught in the act of descending a dead tree trunk. It froze still while I photographed it, nearly vertical.
Fort Ord Public Lands, Monterey County, California
Gopher Snakes are exceptionally placid, gentle-mannered snakes. Unless you're a gopher.
Elkhorn Road, Carrizo Plain National Monument, San Luis Obispo County, California
This beautiful and well-fed adult had been basking on the dirt road in the late afternoon, apparently sharing the myriad burrowing rodents with the local Western Rattlesnakes
Santa Teresa County Park, Santa Clara County, California
This young gopher snake was stretched across a hiking trail at this rural county park where we had stopped to stretch our dogs' legs. A man coming the other way on the trail had just walked over it without noticing its presence when the snaky shape caught my eye.
Coyote Creek Parkway, Santa Clara County, California
My friend Fred Harer found this attractively marked Gopher Snake under a fairly small rock. The top picture shows the snake in a typical semi-relaxed pose. The bottom picture shows this harmless snake flattening its head, possibly to look more like a venomous rattlesnake. Gopher Snakes are often mistaken for rattlesnakes, which is unfortunately not really conducive to long life in our snake-fearing society.
Coy Flat, Tulare County, California
This large gopher snake was lying partially across the trail in the shady woods. I had already passed right by when my wife spotted it. The day was pleasant but not too warm, and the gopher snake was in no hurry to get out of the way, even with our dog troop passing right by it.
San Mateo County, California
Gopher Snakes have a reputation for being nasty, but all the ones I'd ever come across were either calm and gentle or, occasionally, in a hurry to escape. This was my first experience with the legendary Dark Side of Pituophis catenifer. It performed a very respectable rattler imitation by coiling, vibrating its tail against the dry brush to create a nice rattling sound, hissing almost continuously, and striking repeatedly at anything within about a foot (my hand, a small stick, my shoe, my camera, etc.). This snake did not want to be messed with!
Pituophis catenifer deserticola
Great Basin Gopher Snake
Bruneau Dunes State Park, Owyhee County, Idaho
At dusk my wife and I took our dog contingent out for a walk across the nearly deserted campground at Bruneau Dunes State Park, when I noticed this good-sized gophersnake meandering into the campground from the surrounding desert. I hadn't brought my camera with me on our dog walk, so when the canines had successfully concluded their doggy business and we had returned to our campsite, I grabbed my camera and attached its external flash and went back out to see if the snake was still hanging around.
Indeed it was, but two problems quickly presented themselves: (1) my camera was somehow not successfully communicating with the external flash, so even though the flash was firing, all photos came out black, and (2) swarms of ravenous mosquitos were reducing my inclination to futz with my camera outdoors. I got a quick picture or two using the weaker built-in flash and rapidly retreated to our RV. It took about ten minutes of trial and error to get the external flash working again (I still don't know what the problem was, but attaching and reattaching and otherwise messing with it eventually got it to work). I then gritted my teeth, prepared myself for the winged onslaught, and headed back out to check on my serpentine friend once more.
It took me a few minutes to find it, since I was foolishly looking on the ground where one typically finds gophersnakes, but eventually I expanded my search area and spotted the snake in the process of vertically descending one of the many thin trees that had been planted in the campground in the hopes that in ten or twenty years it wouldn't look quite so desert-y. I came away with the impression that this particular gophersnake had learned long ago that this campground, with its watered areas and small-bird-hosting trees, was a fine place to look for a meal every night.
Pituophis catenifer sayi
Mammoth Hot Springs, Yellowstone National Park, Park County, Wyoming
This snake was apparently living in the nooks and crannies of a dried-out area of Yellowstone's biggest hot spring. Mammoth Hot Springs is crisscrossed with boardwalk trails, one of which passed within twenty feet or so of this snake's abode. When I came across it, there was already a crowd of 6 or 8 people oohing and aahing. "It's a rattlesnake!" declared one woman to her family.
Bottomless Lakes State Park, Chaves County, New Mexico
My wife carefully avoided squishing this young bullsnake in the road as we headed out of Bottomless Lakes State Park. I went back to photograph it and get it off the road before someone less careful drove by. It didn't seem particularly grateful, and did its best "I am a vicious viper!" impression before I picked it up and released it safely nearby.