Subspecies I've seen:
Anolis cristatellus cristatellus
Puerto Rican Crested Anole
Key Biscayne, Miami-Dade County, Florida—December 31, 1998
Another in the series of non-native anole species in south Florida. I saw many of these within the gates of a fancy-schmancy housing complex in pricey Key Biscayne; they were living the high life. Each anole was initially head-down on the trunk of a large ornamental palm, a couple of feet off the ground. When they saw me with my camera, each turned head-up and rushed up into the fronds.
This one is a male, with a slight crest along its spine. Females have no crest at all.
Casa de Campo, Dominican Republic—May 12, 1999
These largish anoles are not native to Hispaniola either. As the subspecies name suggests, they made the journey over from nearby Puerto Rico. They are well established in southeastern Hispaniola, at least as common as the similarly-sized native large-headed anole
These two both have at least a small crest, and so are both males. You can see how much the crest height varies even among adult males.
Coral Gables, Miami-Dade County, Florida—February 11, 2004
I chased around a pair of these large anoles for twenty minutes or so. They never left the tree they were in, but they circled around it a dozen times or so, and climbed up high out of reach a few times too.
Red Road Linear Park, Miami-Dade County, Florida—December 28, 2006
This crested anole is showing off an attractive dorsal pattern.
Red Road Linear Park, Miami-Dade County, Florida—December 29, 2008
Here's another one in the same area a couple of years later, with another attractive dorsal pattern. I suppose these last two could be yet another non-native anole species in South Florida, but I think they're just interesting variant forms.
Red Road Linear Park, Miami-Dade County, Florida—March 5, 2013
It seems I have a special kind of curse whereby I am doomed to take pictures of Puerto Rican Crested Anoles perching vertically on small tree trunks in Red Road Linear Park every few years.
Cueva María de la Cruz, Loíza, Puerto Rico—May 23, 2014
Ah, my first Puerto Rican Crested Anoles that were actually in Puerto Rico. So exciting! (They are extremely common there, so it became a little less exciting as I saw dozens and dozens more.)
El Yunque National Forest, Puerto Rico—May 23, 2014
Here are a few of many more that I saw an hour or two later in El Yunque National Forest as my family members snacked at a roadside stand. I'm not good at snacking when there are lizards to be photographed.
Note the diverse variety of patterns and shades in this species. It's possible that some of the anoles I'm calling A. cristatellus are actually some other anole species. However, I asked for help identifying many of these over at Anole Annals, and some knowledgeable folks there were pretty confident that all the ones I asked about were indeed A. cristatellus.
Arecibo Observatory, Arecibo, Puerto Rico—May 24, 2014
Another Anolis cristatellus
that I suspected was some other anole species until the knowledgeable folks at Anole Annals
set me straight. This one, a female or juvenile, has a broken-but-not-broken-off tail.
Parque de las Cavernas del Rio Camuy, Camuy, Puerto Rico—May 24, 2014
Another assortment of textures and shades of brown from the next day. Puerto Rico has more than a dozen anole species, so you can forgive me for thinking that these lizards were possibly not all the same species. But it seems that they really are.
Museo de Casa Blanca, Old San Juan, Puerto Rico—May 25, 2014
While my wife and I were waiting for my mother-in-law and sister-in-law to join us at this museum of the so-called "Ponce de Leon House" (which disappointingly turned out to never have been occupied by the famous member of the Ponce de Leon family, Juan, but rather by various relatives; Juan himself went off and got himself killed in Florida looking for the fountain of youth while this house was being constructed), I spent my time productively photographing anoles in the courtyard. They seem to have all been Anolis cristatellus, again. If there is one thing that I learned on this trip, it is that it is not hard to find Puerto Rican Crested Anoles in Puerto Rico.
Fairchild Tropical Garden, Coral Gables, Miami-Dade County, Florida—March 3, 2021
Back in Florida now, here's a big strapping adult giving me the side eye.
Matheson Hammock Park, Coral Gables, Miami-Dade County, Florida—March 9, 2021
And another, showing off its vertical clinging skills.
Anolis cristatellus wileyae
Eastern Crested Anole
Butterfly Garden, Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands—May 26, 2014
When our cruise ship landed at St. Thomas for a day, I studied the cruise dock info to see if there was any place within walking distance that might have enough vegetation to support a little wildlife. The Butterfly Garden sounded promising, and was close enough that my somewhat infirm mother-in-law and sister-in-law could both reach it pretty easily. It turned out to be a good choice; it was a small oasis of vegetation in a vast ocean of concrete. Outside of the netted butterfly house itself was a small native-plant display proudly boasting the title "Botanical Garden". Due to torn and poorly-tucked spots in the netting, plenty of anoles frolicked inside as well as outside. These anoles are considered sufficiently different from the ones on Puerto Rico to merit their own subspecies.
- Ashton, R. E. Jr., Ashton, P. S. 1991. Handbook of Reptiles and Amphibians of Florida, Part Two: Lizards, Turtles, & Crocodilians, Revised Second Edition
- Bartlett, R. D., Bartlett, P. B. 1999. A Field Guide to Florida Reptiles and Amphibians
- Behler, J. L., King, F. W. 1979. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles & Amphibians
- Conant, R., Collins, J. T. 1998. Peterson Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America, Third Edition, expanded
- Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2017. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Eighth Edition
- Henderson, R. W., Schwartz, A. 1984. A Guide to the Identification of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Hispaniola
- Schwartz, A., Henderson, R. W. 1985. A Guide to the Identification of the Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies Exclusive of Hispaniola
- Schwartz, A., Henderson, R. W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies: Descriptions, Distributions, and Natural History