Subspecies I've seen:
Arizona elegans candida
Mohave Glossy Snake
near California City, Kern County, California—June 17, 2012
Very hot, dry, and windy conditions made for a poor evening of snake hunting. All I saw was this handsome adult glossy snake and one smaller individual.
Arizona elegans eburnata
Desert Glossy Snake
near Mara Oasis, Joshua Tree National Park, San Bernardino County, California—May 18, 2001
We found this snake crawling across a road at about 9:00 PM. Glossy snakes look like smaller, less strongly-patterned gopher snakes
. They're nocturnal in the deserts, and tend to burrow rather than hiding under rocks and things, so you're very unlikely to see one by day, at least so says Stebbins
. I had certainly never seen one by day, anyway.
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, San Diego County, California—July 2, 2006
In addition to looking like smaller, less strongly-patterned gopher snakes
, young glossy snakes also look like only slightly differently patterned nightsnakes
. At least these two did, at least to me. Shortly before I saw the first of these two snakes on the road at night, I had seen a nightsnake
, and these two were very similar in same size, shape, color, and pattern to that little guy. Only when I was looking at the photos after returning home did I get suspicious, and I got some help from the friendly folks at fieldherpforum.com
to clarify the identities of all three.
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, San Diego County, California—July 3, 2006
This large glossy snake was the first live snake I found on a second night of road-cruising in Anza-Borrego. After I pulled over and took a few photos on the road's shoulder, another car pulled up and a voice within asked what kind of snake I had found. I think this was the first time I've ever encountered fellow herpers out in the field. I guess I need to get out more.
The fellow herpers turned out to be San Diego locals Jeff Lemm and Steve Steward, who were much more familiar with the area than I was. After chatting for while, I ended up following them around for an hour or so, during which time they found two red diamond rattlesnakes and one southern pacific rattlesnake on the road.
Borrego Springs, San Diego County, California—April 21, 2009
Around Borrego Springs there were many Western Banded Geckos
on the roads at night, and just enough cars to flatten a subset of those geckos. It seems that they taste just as good when flattened.
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, San Diego County, California—April 23, 2009
Here's another large glossy snake from a couple of nights later. This one wasn't munching on any two-dimensional lizards, but was certainly healthy and well-fed anyway.
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, San Diego County, California—April 26, 2009
Yet another Arizona elegans eburnata from the same trip, a few nights later. This one was remarkable primarily because it was crawling across the road pretty late at night when the temperature had dropped to 60°, which is quite cool for these desert snakes.
near Mara Oasis, Joshua Tree National Park, San Bernardino County, California—June 23, 2012
This little tyke was the last snake I photographed before the friendly ranger informed me, in no uncertain terms, that it is a federal offense to be using a flashlight or even car headlights to find wildlife in a national park.
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, San Diego County, California—May 13, 2013
Imperial County, California—May 20, 2015
My first Imperial County glossy snake! (Is this actually something to be proud of? No. No it is not.)
Arizona elegans noctivaga
Arizona Glossy Snake
Pima County, Arizona—May 6, 2009
About half an hour after spotting a gopher snake
on the road, I had turned around and was returning across the same stretch of pavement when I spotted a snake of about the same size and shape in about the same location. I first thought it was the same gopher snake out on the road again, but a closer look showed that it was this fairly similar-looking species.
near Benson, Cochise County, Arizona—May 9, 2009
Arizona elegans philipi
Painted Desert Glossy Snake
Cochise County, Arizona—August 16, 2013
A cooperative adult, willing to sit still for a few photos.
- Bartlett, R. D., Tennant, A. 2000. Snakes of North America, Western Region
- Basey, H. E. 1976. Discovering Sierra Reptiles and Amphibians
- Behler, J. L., King, F. W. 1979. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles & Amphibians
- Brown, P. R. 1997. A Field Guide to Snakes of California
- Conant, R., Collins, J. T. 1998. Peterson Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America, Third Edition, expanded
- Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2017. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Eighth Edition
- Degenhardt, W. G., Painter, C. W., Price, A. H. 1996. Amphibians & Reptiles of New Mexico
- Lemm, J. M. 2006. Field Guide to Amphibians and Reptiles of the San Diego Region
- Smith, H. M., Brodie, E. D. Jr. 1982. Reptiles of North America: A Guide to Field Identification
- Stebbins, R. C. 2003. Peterson Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, Third Edition
- Stoops, E. D., Wright, A. 1997. Snakes and other Reptiles of the Southwest, 4th Edition